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Nine principles of Universal Design for Instruction [UDI]
Universal Design for Instruction [UDI] is defined as "the proactive design and use of inclusive instructional strategies that benefit a broad range of learners including students with disabilities”. UDI is comprised of nine principles.
- Equitable Use:
Instruction is designed to be useful and accessible by people with diverse abilities. Provide the same means of use for all students; identical whenever possible, equivalent when not.
- Flexibility in Use:
Instruction is designed to accommodate a wide range of individual abilities. Provide choice in method of use.
- Simple and Intuitive:
Instruction is designed in a straightforward and predictable manner, regardless of the student's experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level. Eliminate unnecessary complexity.
- Perceptible Information:
Instruction is designed so that necessary information is communicated effectively to the student, regardless of ambient conditions or the student's sensory abilities.
- Tolerance for Error:
Instruction anticipates variation in individual student learning pace and prerequisite skills.
- Low Physical Effort:
Instruction is designed to minimize nonessential physical effort in order to allow maximum attention to learning.
[Note: This principle does not apply when physical effort is integral to essential requirements of a course.]
- Size and Space for Approach and Use:
Instruction is designed with consideration for appropriate size and space for approach, reach, manipulations, and use regardless of a student's body size, posture, mobility, and communication needs.
- A Community of Learners:
The instructional environment promotes interaction and communication among students and between students and faculty.
- Instructional Climate:
Instruction is designed to be welcoming and inclusive. High expectations are espoused for all students.
(Scott, McGuire, & Shaw, 2001)
(Scott, McGuire, & Embry, 2002)
[ Source: UDI Online Project. (2010). Introduction to UDI Module. Center on Postsecondary Education and Disability, University of Connecticut, Storrs. http://www.udi.uconn.edu/index.php?q=content/introduction-universal-design-instruction.]